Émission De Co2 Par Habitant

Our people in data presents the empirical evidence on globale development in entries dedicated venir specific topics.This blog short article draws conditions météorologiques data and research questioned in ours entry conditions météorologiques CO2 and Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

Vous lisez ce: Émission de co2 par habitant


Where in the world does the average human being emit auto most carbon dioxide (CO2) each year?

We deserve to calculate the contribution of auto average citizen ns each country passant par dividing its le total emissions by its population. This gives us CO2 emissions per capita. In auto visualization we see thé differences in effronté capita emissions across auto world. 

Here we look at production-based emissions – that is, emissions created within a country’s limits without accounting pour how products are traded across auto world. In ours post on consumption-based emissions we look at comment these figures change when conditions météorologiques account pour trade. Production figures issue – these are the numbers that are taken into account à la climate targets1 – et thanks to historical reconstructions they room available parce que le the entire human being since auto mid 18th century.

There room very super inequalities in effronté capita emissions across thé world. 

The world’s largest revenir capita CO2 emitters room the major oil developing countries; this is an especially true pour those v relatively court population size. Most are in thé Middle East: In 2017 Qatar had auto highest emissions at 49 tonne (t) per person, followed passant par Trinidad et Tobago (30t); Kuwait (25t); united Arab Emirates (25t); Brunei (24t); Bahrain (23t) and Saudi Arabia (19t).

However, many du the diriger oil producers ont a reasonably small population meaning their total annual emissions room low. Much more populous nations with some ns the highest revenir capita emissions – and therefore high le total emissions – are auto United States, Australia, and Canada. Australie has année average revenir capita footprint of 17 tonnes, followed by the nous at 16.2 tonnes, and Canada at 15.6 tonnes.

This is much more than le 3 times higher than the globale average, i m sorry in 2017 was 4.8 tonnes tout de suite person.

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Since over there is such a strong relationship between income et per capita CO2 emissions, we’d expect this à be thé case: that countries with high standards ns living would oui a high carbon footprint. Marqué what becomes clean is that there deserve to be gros differences in effronté capita emissions, even in between countries with similar standards de living. Numerous countries across Europe, for example, oui much lower emissions than auto US, Canada or Australia. 

In fact, some European countries have emissions not frais from the global average: In 2017 emissions in Portugal are 5.3 tonnes; 5.5t in France; and 5.8t revenir person in thé UK. This is likewise much lower than some of their neighbours with similar standards of living, such oui Germany, auto Netherlands, or Belgium. Thé choice ns energy sauce plays a key role here: in the UK, Portugal and France, a much higher share du electricity is developed from nuclear and renewable la source – you can découvrir this electrical power mix passant par country here. This means a much lower share ns electricity is created from fossil fuels: in 2015, seul 6% de France’s electrical energy came indigenous fossil fuels, compared venir 55% in Germany.

Prosperity is a main driver du CO2 emissions, marqué clearly policy and technological choices make a difference.

Many countries in the world still have very court per capita CO2 emissions. In many ns the poorest countries in Sub-Saharan africa – such oui Chad, Niger and the central African Republic – thé average footprint is about 0.1 tonnes revenir year. That’s more than 160 fois lower than the USA, Australia et Canada. In just 2.3 days thé average American or Australian emits as much as the typical Malian or Nigerien in a year. 

This inequality in emissions across the world je explored in an ext detail in mien post, ‘Who emits more than their share du CO2 emissions?’


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Endnotes

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